In recent times, there has been a surge in the number of recorded yellow fever cases in Nigeria. The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), in the first week of November, 2020, received reports from certain states concerning this outbreak. The NCDC has begun to intervene in order to bring the outbreaks under control.
Yellow fever is a vaccine-preventable disease. It is common in sub-Saharan Africa and parts of South America. The virus is transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Once a mosquito bites a yellow fever- infected monkey or human, the virus circulates in its bloodstream and eventually settles down in its salivary gland. The virus gets transmitted when the mosquito bites another individual.
Some of the symptoms of this disease in the acute phase include yellowness of the eyes, loss of appetite, dizziness, sudden fever, headache, sensitivity to light, nausea and muscle aches, particularly in your back and knees. When you notice these symptoms in an individual, try to contact the nearby government hospital for intervention. It is advisable to avoid self-medication and employ the services of qualified medical practitioners.
At the toxic phase, the patient presents with more life-threatening symptoms, which include yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes (jaundice), abdominal pain and vomiting, sometimes of blood, decreased urination, bleeding from the nose, mouth and eyes, slow heart rate, liver and kidney failure, brain dysfunction, including delirium, seizures and coma.
As individuals, we should try our best to maintain personal hygiene always by keeping our surroundings clean and keeping mosquitoes away from our homes. Mosquito nets and mosquito repellents can be used to prevent mosquito bites. Also, individuals and government agencies should increase the level of public awareness about this disease, so that many people can get vaccinated. A lot of rural dwellers have little or no knowledge about the disease, and many of them maintain very low levels of personal hygiene. This puts them at greater risks of contracting it.